A picture speaks a thousand words. It can evoke long-lost memories, instill you with dreams for the future, and ignite a myriad of feelings from delight to wonder.
Capturing the perfect picture is a factor of your eye – your imagination and skill for creating a composition. However, selecting the right gear for photography can be a critical decision to support your vision.
Today, you can find a variety of cameras in the market – from standard smartphone cams to DSLRs, point and shoot devices, and mirrorless cameras. The equipment you pick will depend on your budget too, and whether you wish to pursue the craft as a hobby or a profession.
We have composed a detailed comparison article for anyone passionate about clicking pictures. It is best to do the homework while figuring out where to invest your money. Let’s get rolling!
What is a DSLR Camera?
The classic DSLR is a single-lens camera that professionals have used for generations. It is high in accuracy and speed, with some models capturing up to 20 frames per second. DSLRs permit you to examine the picture you just clicked through the viewfinder.
These cameras let you use different lenses to capture various scenes like landscapes and products or dive deep into a portrait study. Some DSLR lenses allow you to witness a beautiful background blur effect called “bokeh.”
With a DSLR, you get a high degree of control over your work and can ascertain that the output is to your client’s or audience’s satisfaction. Naturally, DSLRs are expensive, with even an entry-level one setting you back by $500, barring the cost of the lens. You will also have to purchase accessories like camera bags, memory cards, etc.
Usually, DSLR cameras are sturdy and portable despite being heavy. The magnesium-alloy body makes them suitable for anyone who clicks pictures for a living since they can withstand different conditions, including cold temperatures and rainfall, and extensive traveling. You will need to get used to the weight – 1.5lbs is the average.
DSLRs also enjoy the advantage of well-developed secondary markets for gear and equipment since they have been around for several years. Telephoto lenses, portrait lenses, you name it! It makes things simple when you need to purchase accessories without spending too much.
What is a Mirrorless Camera?
Mirrorless cameras drop the mirror in favor of an LCD screen at the back. It lets you view the scene you are going to capture. These cameras are quiet during operation, producing satisfying image quality in varied conditions. Starter mirrorless cameras cost about the same as DSLRs – $500 or so – and can go up to $2000.
The way these cameras operate is a diversion from the standard you may have been used to in a DSLR. When you push the shutter in a DSLR, the mirror inside flips, then goes within the sensor, and ultimately lets you see the picture in the viewfinder.
Some mirrorless devices now offer an electronic viewfinder or EVF to mimic the much-loved viewfinder of a DSLR. The preview on an EVF is close to the actual image in optimal lighting and shooting conditions but might otherwise struggle.
What is a Point and Shoot Camera?
A point and shoot camera is the ubiquitous, lightweight, and portable cam that has been around for decades. Most people who enjoy photography start with these inexpensive devices. In the contemporary world, phone cameras have replaced these devices to some extent.
Most smartphones come with excellent cameras and don’t require you to carry any additional equipment. Point and shoot cameras cannot give you removable lenses, which bring them much in the same league as a phone camera. Many P&S devices also have GPS, face detection, and smile detection.
The low price point is a prime draw of these cameras. They also don’t need much maintenance. However, they are unlikely to please many professionals since they don’t let you change the lens and have tiny image sensors. It limits the image quality you can expect.
If you are keen on clicking images of fast-moving scenes like sports, you will be in for a disappointment. Also, do you find fiddling about with batteries and scattered controls vexing? Then this category of cameras might be difficult for you to navigate.
Point and shoot cameras usually have a deep depth of field. It is helpful to focus on a large area or click landscapes. But it may not be what you always desire as a photographer. Night-time shooting is also not possible with P&S cams.
Notably, while point and shoot cameras have small sensors, some manufacturers are now creating models with larger ones. It might enhance the popularity of these devices in the future.
Moving from a Smartphone: Which Camera should you choose?
Many photographers remain perfectly contented with a smartphone camera. Modern phone cams have multiple options for speed, lighting, and depth. Most novices, hobbyists, and anyone who doesn’t like to/know how to shoot manually can enjoy photography with a smartphone camera.
New smartphones like the latest-gen iPhones allow users to put blurred backgrounds to pictures – yes, the coveted bokeh. From brightening up the screen to adding filters, there is so much you can do with a smartphone camera. It works wonderfully for anyone who wishes to avoid buying gear.
However, you can choose to graduate to a DSLR if you require extensive control over the surroundings. Buying a DSLR will let you fine-tune the aperture, the shutter, and the ISO for lighting. The settings and flashes are so elaborate that they allow you to shoot a variety of surroundings – including the night sky. Smartphone cams continue to fall short in capturing scenes at night.
Mirrorless cameras are also terrific options for anyone graduating from a phone camera. They are lightweight and in a similar price range if you consider high-res iPhones and such. But they offer much more control and are adept at capturing versatile scenes. You can use removable lenses too.
P&S cameras might not strike you as attractive if you are moving from a smartphone camera because they have many of the same features. However, if you are on a budget and don’t wish to learn manual shooting, point and shoot devices can be good options.
While phones use hybrid or digital zoom, P&S cams can usually look farther without encountering degradation. They also work well as complementary devices for DSLRs and mirrorless cams. You can position one to capture the scene from a new angle, especially when vlogging.
Which is the Best Camera for Professionals?
You might assume that professionals don’t use point and shoot cameras much. However, that would be untrue. Many photographers like to travel with these handy devices and use them for getting candid shots in good lighting. While the camera on your phone is always around, it is not the same thing for a professional.
That said, most professional photographers demand a great degree of control over the outcome. The standard choices are a DSLR and a mirrorless camera.
Let us discuss the merits of mirrorless cameras first. They are portable and lightweight, and you will find them easier to lug, when compared to bulky DSLRs. They are quiet, free of the clicking sounds.
It makes them ideal for events like weddings where you don’t want to disturb others and wish to record high-quality video on a budget. Mirrorless cameras don’t have the risk of a damaged mirror, reducing the likelihood of harm and making them quick to fix in case of malfunctions.
However, DSLRs have excellent battery life – over 1,500 shots per charge. As mirrorless cameras require the LCD screen to be lit up for each capture, the battery can drain faster. Regular mirrorless cameras last about 300 to 400 shots per charge. Also, if you have been using a DSLR for a while, it can be a learning curve to work without a viewfinder.
An important consideration while mulling between a DSLR and a mirrorless is your budget. The latter is a relatively new invention and may require you to invest in fresh lenses and gear. Your DSLR lens cannot always be used in a mirrorless camera.
Generally speaking, the range of lenses and accessories supported by DSLRs remains higher at present. You may find mirrorless options lacking in adapting to photography in different genres.
Which is the Best Camera for Beginners?
If you are not a veteran photographer, it is crucial to prioritize composition over equipment. The decision on which camera to buy depends on what you like to shoot. For instance, landscapes or wildlife shoots vary considerably from product photography. The kind of lighting you need and the amount of weight you can travel with are also vital parameters.
Beginners can find mirrorless cameras more suited as they show you the image on the back of the camera – just like it will get captured. The image will change if you tinker with the aperture and the shutter speed. It is helpful to capture a better picture and learn more about the basics – something sacrosanct for beginners. On the other hand, DSLRs show you the view inside the camera (with the light meter). You will miss the immediate feedback that a mirrorless cam will provide you.
Which is the Best Camera for Video & Moving Subjects?
Increasingly, the world is leaning in favor of mirrorless cameras for video recording. If you record videos for Instagram or are a YouTube vlogger, you will like these light, handy, and adaptable cameras. They are great for shooting from different angles.
From the outset, mirrorless cams have been almost as good as DSLRs for stationary subjects. They didn’t do so well if your subject moved – making them less appealing for sports photographers. But now, you can enjoy the bonus of auto-focus in mirrorless cameras to get a precise recording without blurring.
The realm of mirrorless cams is witnessing commendable advancement in lenses, hardware, etc., which makes it all the more enchanting. Forget about HD and 4K – some manufacturers are trying to make 8K captures more accessible, and it’s all happening here. More and more videographers are making a shift from DSLRs to avail of the latest the world has to offer.
DSLRs remain popular for those who focus on stills. Many photographers like to stick to the tried and tested and enjoy the resilience of a good old DSLR. Conventionally, DSLRs use phase detection technology and work well to auto-focus on moving subjects.
Once you figure out how to work the camera – which can be complex and frustrating – the control you will enjoy is liberating. Initially, mirrorless cameras relied on contrast detection – a slower technology than the phase detection of a DSLR. But as we discussed, more models now have auto-focus, diminishing the accuracy and speed gap between DSLRs and mirrorless devices.
Is a Mirrorless Camera better than a DSLR?
Again, your picture will only be as sharp as your eye. Both these cameras are capable of outstanding photography, but mirrorless cameras boast of some advantages over DSLRs. For one, they can be faster, thanks to the lack of the mirror component. You get even better speeds if you choose an electronic shutter over a mechanical one. Another significant bonus is that these cams are easy to fix.
Most mirrorless cams are much lighter than DSLRs; some weigh less than 1.5lbs and fit into a handbag or coat pocket. But some newer models with full-frame sensors are heavier.
Mirrorless cameras also enjoy an edge over DSLRs in image stabilization. Five-axis technology is common in higher-end cameras and produces brilliant results. But entry-level cams are similar in this respect, relying on in-lens stabilization.
Let’s Talk Sustainability: Which Camera Lasts Longer?
The mirror mechanism that a DSLR uses has a limited lifetime of about 1,50,000 shots. Around that mark, the shutter or the mirror mechanism usually calls it a day, which means you need to invest in repairs and new gear. Ongoing maintenance is a limitation of DSLR – dust accumulation, mechanical concerns, or regular care for the camera.
Mirrorless cameras tend to be more sustainable in this regard since the mirror is a component likely to get damaged with use. Doing away with it reduces the probability of malfunctioning and prolongs the lifetime.
P&S cameras are not designed to last several years. It is more so because technology is changing rapidly in the smartphone market. You will likely wish to buy another when a new model gets launched. Sometimes, the lens cap can be tricky to maneuver, damaging the device in the process.
Comparison Table: DSLR vs Mirrorless vs Point and Shoot Camera
|DSLR||Mirrorless||Point and Shoot|
|Portability||Lower than others||High||Highest|
|Battery Life||Long-lasting||Poorest||Poorer than DSLR|
|Price||Most expensive||Cheaper than DSLR||Cheapest|
|Noise||Makes click sounds||Quieter than DSLR||Silent|
|Variety||Many options||Many options||Limited options|
|Maintenance||Complicated||Less complicated than DSLR||Minimal|
|Sustainability||Long-lasting||Long-lasting||Technology changes every few years|
|Specialty Lens||Several||Limited||Not relevant|
|Secondary Market||Well-developed||Limited||Not relevant|
Photography has always been popular as a hobby and a profession, which is why the technology surrounding it has kept evolving. You have several choices now, depending on how much control you demand over the picture, the budget you have in mind, and the shooting you will perform.
Typically, though, DSLR cameras rule the root for professionals who demand extensive control and don’t hesitate from splurging on the requisite gear. Contrastingly, point and shoot cameras are for casual photographers who wish to capture a scene without fussing over apertures, shutter speeds, and the like. They are inexpensive, lightweight, portable, and very easy to use. They can be your go-to if you cherish uncomplicated photography – with no learning curve and little maintenance.
The middle road currently gets charted by mirrorless cameras that are portable and handy but cut some corners off professional features to achieve their form factor. However, since the technology in this sphere is changing at a breakneck pace, the future seems bright for mirrorless devices.